Menyusun Khutbah yang Sehat dan Bergizi

PERCIK.ID- Konten atau isi khutbah Jum'at bisa sangat bervariasi, tergantung dengan kebutuhan. Kebutuhan khotib, terlebih kebutuhan masyarakat. Akan tetapi, dari kemungkinan isi yang bermacam-macam tersebut, yang harus diingat oleh calon khotib sebelum menulis khutbah adalah, bahwa khutbah Jum'at merupakan wasiat takwa. Maka, apapun saja tema yang hendak diangkat nanti, harus selalu terkait dengan ketakwaan.


Apa makna atau arti dari takwa? Ada yang mengartikan rasa takut kepada Alloh, yang paling masyhur terutama adalah berusaha mengerjakan perintah-perintahNYA dan berusaha menjauhi serta meninggalkan larangan-laranganNYA.

Tentang takwa ini, saya tertarik kepada uraian Cak Nun. Cak Nun mengartikan takwa adalah waspada. Senantiasa waspada terhadap fenomena apapun saja yang berlangsung di dalam kehidupan. Fenomena tersebut jangan sampai luput membuat kita untuk "mencapai Alloh".

Dengan pengartian takwa seperti itu, maka khutbah Jum'at tidak bisa lepas dari yang namanya aktualitas. Selalu aktual. Setiap fenomena penting yang sedang berlangsung di masyarakat dapat diolah oleh calon khotib menjadi khutbah yang menarik secara tema dan tidak kehilangan prinsip utamanya sebagai "wasiat takwa."

Khutbah yang mengambil tema aktual, diharapkan akan lebih mendapatkan perhatian dari para pendengar.

Menurut pengalaman pribadi saya sebagai pendengar khutbah Jum'at selama bertahun-tahun, mayoritas khutbah Jum'at tidak memedulikan aktulitas dan cenderung monoton berkutat pada tema surga-neraka. Barangkali sudah berlangsung sejak zaman perang kemerdekaan. Teranyar, saya mendengar khutbah di salah satu masjid paling megah di kota mertua, Lamongan. Selama lebih dari setengah jam, khotib semangat sekali mencari dan menyaring calon-calon wisatawan neraka.

Khutbah yang demikian itu umumnya cenderung akan diabaikan oleh para anak-anak muda, sangat mungkin juga generasi milenial itu berharap khutbah segara berakhir sebab tak lebih menarik dibanding mabar PUBG atau Mobile Legend. Sementara orang-orang tua yang sudah “mambu lemah”, akan "kusyuk" berdzikir menghadap lantai masjid yang dingin sebab tema khutbah itu sudah mereka dengar sejak masih kanak-kanak.

Zaman bergerak dengan amat sangat cepat, perubahan tak bisa dihindarkan, dan kita musti beradaptasi. Konten atau isi khutbah Jum'at pun hendaknya lebih dinamis, aktual dan segar

Berikut kiat-kiat penting buat para khotib untuk menulis khutbah yang bagus, sehat, nan bergizi.

1. Copy Paste.
Kemajuan teknologi bisa Anda manfaatkan. Anda bisa menjiplak khutbah-khutbah bagus yang bertebaran di internet. Misalkan tulisan para pesohor, seperti Prof. Dr. Quraish Shihab. Jika Anda benar-benar melakukan ini. Berhentilah segera menjadi khotib. Khotib kok modal copy paste. Belajar dong!

2. Membaca.
Anda ingin menulis khutbah yang bagus tetapi tidak mau repot-repot membaca? Lakukan poin pertama. Pensiun saja sebagai khotib. Membaca menjadikan spektrum pikiran menjadi luas. Mentang-mentang dari pesantren, tahunya cuma soal-soal fiqih melulu dan kitab-kitab tertentu. Musik? Film? Sepakbola? Gaya hidup? Humor? Politik? Ekonomi? Buku? Agraria? Membaca memungkinkan menjadi banyak tau. Perkara didalami semua, lain soal. Begitu menurut Gur Dur.

3. Tulis.
Kalau sudah punya gambaran atau rancangan tulisan, tulis saja! Jangan cuma dilamunkan. Jika demikian, dijamin, sampai kiamat tidak akan jadi tulisan. Jadi tulisan saja tidak, apalagi bagus. Kalau sudah jadi dan ternyata jelak, coba lagi, kalau jelek lagi, coba lagi. Kalau masih jelak? Terima takdir!

Syafiq Rahman
Freelence Writer & Pedagang Buku "Makaru Makara"  fb          

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